RESOURCES: PUBLICATIONS

MRCC Staff Publications by Author

BY AUTHOR
Hall, Beth Hilberg, Steve Timlin, Mike Westcott, Nancy Other Authors
BY TOPIC
Agriculture Air-Sea Interactions Applied Climatology Climate and Weather Impacts Climate Change
Climate Data and Sources Climate Prediction Drought El Niño Floods and Heavy Rain Events
Great Lakes Hail and Severe Weather Heat Waves Rainfall Frequencies Water Resources

HALL, BETH

Hall, B. L. and R. Davis, 2011: Development of an historical prescribed fire smoke management database for North Carolina, Fire Management Notes.  In Review.

Hall, B. L., 2008: Fire ignitions related to radar reflectivity patterns in Arizona and New Mexico.  Internatl J. of Wildland Fire, 17, 317-327.

Evett, R. R. et al., 2008:  The effect of monsoonal atmospheric moisture on lightning fire ignitions in southwestern North America.  Agric. Forest Meteorol., doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.05.002.

Hall, B. L., 2007: Precipitation associated with lightning ignited wildfires in Arizona and New Mexico.  Internatl. J. of Wildland Fire, 16(2), 252-254.

Westerling, A. L., D. R. Cayan, T. J. Brown, B. L. Hall, and L. G. Riddle, 2004: Climate, Santa Ana winds and autumn wildfires in southern California.  EOS, 85(31), 289-296.

Brown, T.J., B.L. Hall, and A.L. Westerling, 2003: The impact of Twenty-First Century climate change on wildland fire danger in the western United States: an applications perspective. Climatic Change, 62, 365-388.

Brown, T. J. and B. L. Hall, 1999:  The use of t-values in climatological composite analyses. J. Climate, 12, 2941-2944.

Hall, B. L. and T. J. Brown, 2006:  Comparison of weather data from the Remote Automated Weather Station network and the North American Regional Reanalysis, Proceedings of the 14th Symposium on Meteorological Observation and Instrumentation, San Antonio, Texas, 16 January 2007.

Hall, B. L. and T. J. Brown, 2006: Climatology of positive polarity flashes and multiplicity and their relation to natural wildfire ignitions, Proceedings of the 19th International Lightning Detection Conference, Tucson, Arizona, April 24-25.

Hall, B. L., 2005:  Precipitation associated with lightning ignited wildfires in Arizona and New Mexico. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

Kennedy, J., B. L. Hall and T. J. Brown, 2005:  New York state fire climatology. Sixth Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

Hall, B. L. and T. J. Brown, 2005:  Estimating missing station weather data using North American Regional Reanalysis. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

Reinbold, H. J., B. L. Hall and T. J. Brown, 2005:  Development of model output statistic (MOS) products for predictive services. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

Hall, B.L., and T.J. Brown, 2003:  A Comparison of Precipitation and Drought Indices Related to Fire Activity and Potential in the US.  Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 6 pp.

Hall, B.L., T.J. Brown,  L.S. Bradshaw, W.M. Jolly, and R. Nemani, 2003:  National Standardized Energy Release Component Forecasts. .  Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 3 pp.

Mitchell, D.L., D. Ivanova, B. L.Hall, Miguel Lavin and A. Mascarenhas, Jr., 2003:  Predicting the onset of the North American monsoon and progress toward a mechanistic understanding.  National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), 27 June.

Mitchell, D.L., D. Ivanova, B. L.Hall, Miguel Lavin and A. Mascarenhas, Jr., 2003:  Predicting the onset of the North American monsoon and progress toward a mechanistic understanding.  Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Reno, Nevada, September.

Mitchell, D.L., D. Ivanova, Miguel Lavin and B. L. Hall, 2003:  A possible ocean-atmospheric mechanism for the Arizona onset of the North American monsoon.  Workshop on the North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME):  Oceanographic Component, Centro de Investigación Cientifica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), 21 April.

Mohrle, C.R., B.L. Hall, and T.J. Brown, 2003:  The Southwest Monsoon and its impact on wildland fire.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 8 pp.

Reinbold, H., B.L. Hall, T.J. Brown, and J.O. Roads, 2003: Verification of ECPC’s regional spectral model forecasts for wildland fire climate applications.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 14 pp.

Schlobohm, P.J., B.L. Hall, and T.J. Brown, 2003: Using NDVI to determine green-up date for the National Fire Danger Rating System.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 15 pp.

Brown, T.J., B.L. Hall, C.R. Mohrle, and H.J. Reinbold, 2002: Applications of the National Lightning Detection Network Data for Wildland Fire Management. Proceedings of the 17th International Lightning Detection Conference, 7 pp.

Brown, T.J., and B.L. Hall, 2001: Assessing long-term fire danger variability and change from climate model output. Proceedings of the American Meteorological Society Fourth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 217-219.

Hall, B.L., and T.J. Brown, 2001: Development of lightning climatology information over the western U.S. Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fourth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 112-114.

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HILBERG, STEVEN

Westcott,Nancy E.; Hilberg,Steven D.; Lampman,R. L.; Alto,B. W.; Bedel,A.; Muturi,E. J.; Glahn,H.; Baker,M.; Kunkel,Kenneth E. and Novak,R. J. , 2011.  Predicting the seasonal shift in mosquito populations preceding the onset of the West Nile virus in central Illinois. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 92, No. 9, pp. 1173-1180.

DeGaetano, Arthur T., Timothy J. Brown, Steven D. Hilberg, Kelly Redmond, Kevin Robbins, Peter Robinson, Martha Shulski, and Marjorie McGuirk, 2010.  Towards Regional Climate Services: The Role of NOAA’s Regional Climate Centers.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 91, No. 12, pp. 1633-1644.

Westcott, Nancy E., H. Vernon Knapp, Steven D. Hilberg, 2008. Comparison of gage and multi-sensor precipitation estimates over a range of spatial and temporal scales in the Midwestern United States.  Journal of Hydrology, 351, pp 1-12.

Kunkel, Kenneth E (editor), James R. Angel, Stanley A. Changnon, Roger Claybrooke, Steven D. Hilberg, H. Vernon Knapp, Robert S. Larson, Michael Palecki, Robert W. Scott, Derek Winstanley, 2006   The 2005 Illinois Drought.  Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL 80 pp.  April 2006

Angel, James A. and  Steven D. Hilberg, 2005:  Features and Impacts of the 2005 Drought in Illinois. Preprint, 2nd Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Conference

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and D. Changnon, 2003: Two Record Rainstorms during August 2002 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2003-02, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 36pp.

Hilberg, S.D., and J.D. Burroughs, 2002: Trends in the Use of Climate Data: A Regional Center Perspective. Preprints, Thirteenth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: El Nino 1997-1998 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2000-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 64pp.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and D. Changnon, 2003: Two Record Rainstorms during August 2002 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2003-02, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 36pp.

Hilberg, S.D., and J.D. Burroughs, 2002: Trends in the Use of Climate Data: A Regional Center Perspective. Preprints, Thirteenth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: El Nino 1997-1998 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2000-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 64pp.

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TIMLIN, MICHAEL S.

Wolter, K., M. S. Timlin, 2009: El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an Extended Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI.ext).  Int J Climatol., in review.

Smith, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, R. M. Rauber, J. A. Grim, M. S. Timlin, B. F. Jewett, and D. P. Jorgensen, 2009: Microphysical and thermodynamic structure and evolution of the trailing stratiform regions of mesoscale convective systems during BAMEX: Part I: Observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 1165-1185. Available from the AMS.

Bhatt, U. S., M. A. Alexander, C. Deser, J. E. Walsh, J. S. Miller, M. S. Timlin, J. D. Scott, and R. A. Tomas, 2008: The atmospheric response to realistic reduced summer Arctic sea ice anomalies. Arctic Sea Ice Decline: Observations, Projections, Mechanisms, and Implications. Geophys. Monogr., Vol. 180, Amer. Geophys. Union, 91-110. Available from U. S. Bhatt.

Timlin, M. S., and J. E. Walsh, 2007: Historical and projected distributions of daily temperature and pressure in the Arctic. Arctic, 60, 389-400. Available from Arctic.

McFarquhar, G. M., M. S. Timlin, R. M. Rauber, B. F. Jewett, J. A. Grim, and D. P. Jorgensen, 2007: Vertical variability of cloud hydrometeors in the stratiform region of mesoscale convective systems and bow echoes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 3405-3428.
Available from the AMS.

Alexander, M. A., U. S. Bhatt, J. E. Walsh, M. S. Timlin, J. S. Miller, and J. D. Scott, 2004: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. J. Climate, 17, 890-905. Available from the AMS.

Walsh, J. E., and M. S. Timlin, 2003: Northern Hemisphere sea ice simulations by global climate models. Polar Research, 22, 75-82. Available from Wiley InterScience.

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 2003: Understanding the persistence of sea surface temperature anomalies in midlatitudes. J. Climate, 16, 57-72. Available from the AMS.

Timlin, M. S., M. A. Alexander, and C. Deser, 2002: On the reemergence of North Atlantic SST anomalies. J. Climate, 15, 2707-2712. Available from the AMS.

Deser, C., M. Holland, G. Reverdin, and M. S. Timlin, 2002: Decadal variations in Labrador sea ice cover and North Atlantic sea surface temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 107, 1029-1040. Available from AGU.

Alexander, M. A., M. S. Timlin, and J. D. Scott, 2001: Winter-to-winter recurrence of sea surface temperature, salinity and mixed layer depth anomalies. Progress in Oceanography, 49, 41-61. Available from Science Direct.

Deser, C., J. E. Walsh, and M. S. Timlin, 2000: Arctic sea ice variability in the context of recent atmospheric circulation trends. J. Climate, 13, 617-633. Available from the AMS.

Alexander, M. A., C. Deser and M. S. Timlin, 1999: The re-emergence of SST anomalies in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 12, 2419-2433. Available from the AMS.

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 1999: Evidence for a wind-driven intensification of the Kuroshio Current Extension from the 1970s to the 1980s. J. Climate, 12, 1697-1706. Available from the AMS.

Wolter, K., and M. S. Timlin, 1998: Measuring the strength of ENSO events - how does 1997/98 rank? Weather, 53, 315-324.
Available from K. Wolter. Current status of the Multivariate ENSO Index.

Deser, C. and M. S. Timlin, 1997: Atmosphere-ocean interaction on weekly timescales in the North Atlantic and Pacific. J. Climate, 10, 393-408. Available from the AMS.

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 1996: Upper ocean thermal variations in the North Pacific during 1970-1991. J. Climate, 9, 1840-1855. Available from the AMS.

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WESTCOTT, NANCY

Westcott, N.E., 2011:  The Prolonged 1954 Heat Wave: Impacts and Responses.  J. Weather, Climate and Society, 3, 165-176.

Westcott, N.E., and S.D. Hilberg, R.L. Lampman, B. W. Alto, A. Bedel, E.J. Muturi, H. Glahn, M. Baker,  K.E., Kunkel, R.J. Novak, 2011:  Predicting the Seasonal Shift in Mosquito Populations Preceding the Onset of the West Nile Virus in Central Illinois, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92,1173-1180.

Westcott, N.E., 2011:  A Perspective on Weather Modification: Planned and Inadvertent.  Chapter 120 in Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects, S.D.D. Brunn (Ed.), Springer, Netherlands, 2173-2184 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9920-4_120).

Westcott N.E. and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2009: A Climatology and Case Study of Continental Cold Season Dense Fogs Associated with Low Clouds:  J. Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48, 2201-2214.

Westcott, N.E, 2009:  Differences in multi-sensor and raingage precipitation amounts.  Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Water Management, 162 (MW2), 73-81.

Westcott, N.E., H. V Knapp and S.D. Hilberg, 2008: Comparison of Gage and Multi-Sensor Precipitation Estimates over a Range of Spatial and Temporal Scales in the Midwestern United States.  J. Hydrology, 351, 1-12.

Westcott, N.E., 2007:  Some Aspects of Dense Fog in the Midwestern United States.  Weather and Forecasting, 22, 457-465.

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2005 : Use of Real-time Multi-sensor Data to Assess the Relationship between Normalized Corn Yield, Monthly Rainfall, and Heat Stress across the Central United States . J. Appl. Meteor., accepted.

Westcott, N.E., 2005: Conditions Associated with Cold Season Dense Fog In the Midwestern United States. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Feb 2005, 117pp.

Westcott, N.E.,and H.V. Knapp, 2005: Comparison of Precipitation Fields Estimated by Gage, Radar and Multiple Sensors (Radar and Gage) for SE Wisconsin and NE Illinois . Preprint, 13th Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Savana , GA , 20-23 June 2005, 4p.

Westcott, N.E., 2004: Environmental conditions associated with dense fog in Illinois . Preprint, 11 th Conference on Aviation, Range and Aerospace, Hyannis , MA , 4-8 October 2004, 5p.

Westcott, N.E., 2004: Synoptic conditions associated with dense fog in the Midwest . Preprint, 14 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Seattle , WA , 12 - 16 Jan 2004 . Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 6p.

Westcott, N.E. and S.A. Changnon, 2003: Heavy rainstorms in Chicago : Frequency and Impacts. Preprint, Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Regional Conference , Champaign , IL , 17-18 October 2003, 5p.

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2003: Relationship between normalized corn yields and monthly rainfall for the Midwestern United States. Preprint, 14 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Seattle , WA , 12 - 16 Jan 2004 . Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 5p.

Changnon , S.A. and N.E. Westcott, 2002: Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago : Increasing Frequency, Altered Impacts, and Future Implications. J. Amer. Water Resources Assn, 38, 1467-1475.

Changnon, S. A., and N. E. Westcott, 2002: A Record Number of Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago in 2001. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, 95, 73-85.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R.K., 2002: Assessment of Potential Effects of Climate Change for Heavy Lake-Effect Snowstorms near Lake Erie . J. Great Lakes Research , 28, 521-536.

Westcott, N.E., 2002: Trends in dense fog frequency in the Midwestern United States. Preprint, 13 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Portland OR , 13-16 May 2002. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 173-176.

Westcott, N.E., and Kunkel, 2002: Inter-comparison of real-time rain gage and radar estimated rainfall on a monthly basis for Midwestern United States counties. Preprint, 13 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Portland OR , 13-16 May 2002. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 59-64.

Westcott, N., and S. Isard, 2001: Dense Fog Frequency in the North Central United States. Preprints, Second International Conference of Fog and Fog Collection, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, July 15-20, 2001. pp. 387-390.

Kristovich, D.A.R., N.E. Westcott, K.E. Kunkel and X-Z Liang, 2000. Downscaling relationships for summer heavy and widespread rain events in the U.S. Midwest. J1-J3 in Preprint, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. American Meteor. Soc., Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2000: Assessment of potential effects of climate change on heavy lake-effect snowstorms near Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res., accepted.

Westcott, N.E., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Computation of soil moisture for the Central US Region using WSR-88D precipitation estimates. Preprints, 29th International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Montreal, Canada, 12-16.

Westcott, Nancy E., D.A.R. Kristovich, K.E. Kunkel, 1999. Climatology of Heavy Lake Effect Snows for Lake Erie. In: Preprints, 11th Conference on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 248-253.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and S.E. Hollinger, 1998: Operational modeling of soil moisture at high spatial resolution in the Central U.S. Preprints 23rd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Albuquerque, NM, American Meteorological Society.

Angel, J.R., S.A. Changnon, D. Changnon, F.A. Huff, P. Merzlock, S.R. Silberberg, and N.E. Westcott, 1997: The record rainstorm on July 17-18, 1996 in northern Illinois. Illinois State Water Survey Miscellaneous Publication 182, Champaign, IL, 160 pp.

Fortune, M., K. Labas, and N.E. Westcott, 1995: Accuracy of Point Rainfall Estimates from an WSR-88D Radar in the Cool Season: The Illinois Experience. Preprint, 27th AMS Conf on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 614-616.

Westcott, N.E., R.W. Scott, and M. Dixon, 1995: Comparison of Storms Occurring During Normal and Dry Convective Rain Seasons, Preprint, 27th AMS Conf on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 612-613.

Musil, D.J., P.L. Smith, and N.E. Westcott, 1990: Armored Aircraft Observations of a Severe Hailstorm in Illinois . Preprint, 16th AMS Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 485-488.

Westcott, N.E., D.B. Johnson, and A.R. Jameson, 1984: Multi-Parameter Radar Measurements of a Severe Convective Storm in CCOPE. Preprint, 22nd AMS Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 103-107.

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OTHER MRCC AUTHORS

Andsager, Karen  |  Angel, James  |  Belding, Mark  |  Changnon, Stanley  |  Kunkel, Ken  |   Palecki, Michael

ANDSAGER, KAREN

Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2001: Causes for record high flood losses in the Midwest. Water International, 26, 223-230.

Andsager, K., and J. Angel, 2000. Illinois heat waves 1857-1999. 177-178 in Preprint, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and X-Z Liang, 2000. Observations and regional climate model simulations of heavy precipitation events: A comparision. Preprints, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC 8-11 May 2000. American Meteorological Soc., Boston, 4p.

Pielke, R.A., Downton, M., Miller, J.Z., Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2000: Understanding damaging floods in Iowa: Climate and societal interactions in the Skunk and Raccoon River Basins. NCAR, Boulder, CO, 69pp.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and D.R. Easterling, 1999: Long-term trends in heavy precipitation events over North America. Journal of Climate, 12, 2513-2525.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, G. Conner, W.L. Decker, H.J. Hillaker, Jr., P. Naber Knox, F.V. Nurnberger, J.C. Rogers, K. Scheeringa, W.M. Wendland, J. Zandlo, and J.R. Angel, 1998: An expanded digital daily database for climatic resources applications in the Midwestern United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79, 1357-1366.

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ANGEL, JAMES R.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1999: Hydrometeorological characteristics of the northern Illinois heavy rains of 17-18 July 1996. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 266-272.

Angel, J.R., S.A. Isard, and G. VanDyke, 1999: The effects of ENSO on Great Lakes cyclones. Preprint, 11th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Dallas, TX 305-308.

Heim, R.R., Jr., and J.R. Angel, 1999: Urbana, Illinois: A case study of 20th century snowfall. Preprint, 11th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Dallas TX, 275-282.

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1998: The frequency and intensity of Great Lake cyclones. Journal of Climate, 11, 61-71.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1997: Changes in heavy rainfall in the Midwestern U.S. ASCE, Water Resources Planning and Management, 123, 246-249.

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1997: An observational study of the influence of the Great Lakes on the speed and intensity of passing cyclones. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 2228-2237.

Angel, J.R., 1996: Cyclone Climatology of the Great Lakes. Miscellaneous Publication 172, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.

Scott, R.W., and F.A. Huff, 1996: Impacts of the Great Lakes on regional climate conditions. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 22, 845-863.

Angel, J.R., 1995: Large-scale storm damage on the U.S. shores of the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21, 287-293.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1995: Seasonal distribution of heavy rainfall events in the Midwest. ASCE, Water Resources Planning and Management, 121, 110-115.

Angel, J.R., and F. A. Huff, 1993: Comparing three methods for fitting extreme rainfall distributions: L-moments, maximum likelihood and graphical fit. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd Annual AMS Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Angel, J.R., W.E. Easterling, and S.W. Kirsch, 1993: Towards defining important averaging periods for climate normals. Climatological Bulletin, 27, 28-44.

Loomans, S.M., 1993: Flood Reconstruction in Southern Illinois Using Tree-Rings. MCC research Report 93-02, Midwest Climate Center, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, 80 pp.

Petersen, M.S., 1993: Climatologies of various surface hourly observed data. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd Annual AMS Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Wendland, W.M., and W. Armstrong, 1993: Comparison of Maximum-Minimum Resistance and Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Records. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 10, 233-237.

Huff, F.A., and J.R. Angel, 1992: Rainfall Frequency Atlas of the Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 92-03 and Illinois State Water Survey Bulletin 71, 141 pp.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1991: Development of new rainfall frequency relations for nine midwestern states. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA.

Petersen, M.S., 1991: Guide to Hourly Surface Meteorological Data. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 91-02, 38 pp.

DeGrand, J.Q., A.M. Carleton, and P.J. Lamb, 1990: A mid-season climatology of jet condensation trails from high resolution satellite data. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, San Francisco, July 23-27.

Petersen, M. S., 1990: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 90-01.

Easterling, W.E., J.R. Angel, and S. Kirsch, 1989: On the Appropriate Use of Climatic Information in Illinois Natural Gas Utility Weather Normalization. Illinois State Water Survey Report of Investigation 112, Champaign, IL.

Mjelde, J., S.T. Sonka, and D.S. Peel, 1989: The Socioeconomic Value of Climate and Weather Forecasting: A Review. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 89-01, 21 pp.

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BELDING, MARK

Ochs, H. T., C. Twohy, K. V. Beard, and M. Belding, 1998: Measurements of Drop and Aerosol Charges in and Around Wintertime Continental Clouds, Preprint: Conference on Cloud Physics, AMS, Boston, MA.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Isard, S.E. Hollinger, B. Gleason, and M. Belding, 1998: Spatial Heterogeneity of Albedo Over a Snow-covered Agricultural Landscape. J. Geophys. Res., accepted.

Belding, M.J., P.F. Nelson, R.A. Peppler, S.E. Hollinger, and B.C. Reinke, 1996. Modernization of the Illinois Climate Network, Preprint: 22nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, AMS, Boston, MA.

Hollinger, S.E., G.A. Bollero, M.J. Belding, and D.G. Bullock, 1996. Maize Yield and Canopy Response to Early Season Soil Temperature, Preprint: 22nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, AMS, Boston, MA.

Hollinger, S.E., R.A. Peppler, M.J. Belding, and P.F. Nelson, 1996. Potential Wind Energy Assessment from Near-By Sites with Different Topography and Vegetation Characteristics, Preprint: Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS, Boston, MA.

Belding, M.J., S.E. Hollinger, and R.A. Peppler, 1995. Development of New Soil Temperature and Soil Moisture Profilers for the Illinois Climate Network, 11th International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Boston, MA.

Grimmond, C.S.B., Isard, S.A., Belding, M.J., 1992. Development and Evaluation of Continuously Weighing Lysimeters, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 62, pp. 205-218.

Belding, M.J., Isard, S.A., Hewings, A.D., Irwin, M.E., 1991. Photovoltaic-Powered Suction Trap for Weakly Flying Insects, Journal of Economic Entomology, Vol. 84, No. 1, pp. 306-310.

Isard, S.A., Belding, M.J., 1989. Evapotranspiration from the Alpine Tundra of Colorado, U.S.A., Arctic and Alpine Research, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 71-82.

CHANGNON, STANLEY

2002 || 2001 || 2000 || 1999 || 1998 || 1997 || 1996 || 1995 || 1994 || 1993 || 1992 || 1991 || 1990 || 1989

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and D. Changnon, 2003: Two Record Rainstorms during August 2002 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2003-02, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 36pp.

Westcott, N.E. and S.A. Changnon, 2003: Heavy rainstorms in Chicago : Frequency and Impacts. Preprint, Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Regional Conference , Champaign , IL , 17-18 October 2003, 5p.

Changnon , S.A. and N.E. Westcott, 2002: Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago : Increasing Frequency, Altered Impacts, and Future Implications. J. Amer. Water Resources Assn, 38, 1467-1475.

Changnon, S. A., and N. E. Westcott, 2002: A Record Number of Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago in 2001. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, 95, 73-85.

Changnon, S.A., 2002: Hydroclimatic differences in precipitation measured on two dense raingage networks. Journal of Hydrometeorology, in press.

Changnon, D., Changnon, S.A., and S. Changnon, 2001: A method for estimating crop losses from hail in uninsured periods and regions. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40, 84-91.

Changnon, S., 2001: Socioeconomic impacts of heavy precipitation in the United States. Preprints Symposium on Precipitation Extremes: Predictions, Impacts and Responses. Amer. Meteoro. Soc., Boston, J26-J27.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Assessment of historical thunderstorm data for urban effects: The Chicago Case. Climatic Change, 49, 161-169

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Assessment of the quality of thunderstorm data at first-order stations. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40, 783-794.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Damaging thunderstorm activity in the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 597-608.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Review of "Making Climate Forecasts Matter," Climatic Change, 50, 678-680.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: The Record 1993 Mississippi River Flood: A defining event for flood mitigation policy in the United States. Floods, Volume I, Routledge Press, London, 288-301.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorm rainfall in the Conterminous United States. Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 82, 1925-1940.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorms Across the Nation: An Atlas of Storms, Hail and Their Damages in the 20th Century. Changnon Climatologist and Office of Global Programs, NOAA, 93pp.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2001: Long-term fluctuations in thunderstorm activity in the United States. Climatic Change, 50, 489-503.

Changnon, S.A., and G.J. Hewings, 2001: Losses from weather extremes in the United States. Natural Hazards Review, 2, 113-123.

Changnon, S.A., J.M. Changnon, and G.J. Hewings, 2001: Losses caused by weather and climate extremes: A national index for the U.S. Physical Geography, 22, 1-27.

Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2001: Causes for record high flood losses in the Midwest. Water International, 26, 223-230.

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Changnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: The nature and impacts of the July 1999 heat wave in the Midwestern U.S.: Learning from the lessons of 1995. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 1353-1367.

Sonka, S.T., Changnon, S.A., Bard, S., and T. Doehring, 2001: Midwestern impacts of the 2000 drought forecasts. Ag. Education & Consulting, LLC., Champaign, IL, 97pp.

Changnon, S.A. 2000: Flood prediction: Immersed in the quagmire of National flood mitigation strategy. Chapter in Prediction: Science, Decision Making, and the Future of Nature. Island Press, Washington, DC, 85-106.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Changing importance of weather during the 20th century. WeatherZine, 24, 3-5.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Changing Views of weather in the 20th century. Bulletin AMS, 81, 84.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of El Nino's weather. In El Nino 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 136-171.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: The scientific issues associated with El Nino 1997-1998. In El Nino 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 68-108.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: What made El Nino famous? The key events associated with a unique climate event. In El Nino 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 3-27.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., and L. Wilkins, 2000: Summary: Surprises, lessons learned, and the legacy of El Nino 1997-1998. In El Nino 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 197-210.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of hail in the United States. Storms, Volume II, Routledge Press, London, 163-191.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Reactions and responses to recent urban droughts. Physical Geography, 21, 1-20.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2000: Long-term fluctuations in hail incidences in the U.S., Journal of Climate, 13, 658-664.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 2000: Temporal changes in corn-weather seasons in Illinois. Climatic Change, 47, 353-372.

Changnon, S.A., and D.R. Easterling, 2000: U.S. policies pertaining to weather and climate extremes, Science, 289, 2053-2055.

Changnon, S.A., and G.J.D. Hewings, 2000: Development of an index to monitor national extreme weather-climate impacts in the U.S. Preprints 15th Conference on Probability and Statistics and 12th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, 208-209.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: El Nino 1997-1998 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2000-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 64pp.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., Sylves, R.T., and R. Pulwarty, 2000: Human factors explain the increased losses from weather and climate extremes. Bulletin, 81, 437-442.

Easterling, D.R., Meehl, G.A., Parmesan, C., Changnon, S.A., Karl, T.R., and L. Mearns, 2000: Climate extremes: Observations, modeling, and impacts. Science, 289, 2068-2074.

Meehl, G., Karl, T., Easterling, D., Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., and 11 other authors, 2000: An introduction to trends in extreme weather and climate events: Observations, socioeconomic impacts, terrestrial ecological impacts, and model projections. AMS Bulletin, 81, 413-416.

Pielke, R.A., Downton, M., Miller, J.Z., Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2000: Understanding damaging floods in Iowa: Climate and societal interactions in the Skunk and Raccoon River Basins. NCAR, Boulder, CO, 69pp.

Changnon, S., and K. Kunkel, 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part I: Synoptic and Mesoscale features. Journal of Applied Meteorol., 38, 257-265.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: A rare long record of deep soil temperatures defines temporal temperature changes and an urban heat island. Climatic Change, 42, 531-538.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Data and approaches for determining hail risk in the contiguous U.S., J. Applied Meteoro., 38, 1730-1739.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Factors affecting temporal fluctuations in damaging storm activity in the U.S. based on insurance loss data. Meteorological Applications, 6, 1-11.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Impacts of the 1997-98 El Nino-generated weather on the U.S., Bulletin Amer. Meteoro. Soc., 80, 1819-1827.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part III: Impacts and responses to the flash flooding. J. of Applied Meteoro., 38, 273-280.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record high losses for weather disasters in the United States during the 1990s: How excessive and why? Natual Hazards, 18, 287-300.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions and their impacts on crop production and water resources in Illinois, Research Report 127, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 32pp.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Temporal Fluctuations in Seasonal Weather Conditions Critical to Water Resources and Crop Production in Illinois, Research Report, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Rapidly expanding uses of Climate Data and Information in Agriculture and Water Resources: Causes and characteristics of new applications. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 821-830.

Changnon, S.A., Fosse, E.R., and E. Lecomte, 1999: Interactions between the atmospheric sciences and insurers in the United States. Climatic Change, 42, 51-67.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, R.A., Changnon, D., Sylves, R., and R. Pulwarty, 1999: Trends in socio-economic impacts related to weather and climate extremes in the United States. Bulletin Amer. Meteoro. Society, 81, in press.

Kunkel, K.E., Pielke, R.A., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 1077-1098.

Litan, R., Andrews, R., Changnon, S.A., Cluff, L., Eguchi, R., Kimpel, J.F., Kiremidjian, A., Roth, R.J., Jr., Schelling, T., Sylves, R., and C. West, 1999: The Costs of Natural Disasters: A Framework for Assessment. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Winstanley, D., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions important to water resources in Illinois. Journal of American Water Resources Association, 35, 1421-1427.

Changnon, S.A., 1998: The historical struggle with floods on the Mississippi River basin: Impacts of recent floods and lessons for future flood management and policy. Water International, 23, 263-271.

Croley, T.E. II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1998: Great Lakes hydrology under transposed climates. Climate Change, 38, 405-433.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley II, and F.H. Quinn, 1998: Transposed climates for study of water supply variability on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Climate Change, 38, 387-404.

Angel, J.R., S.A. Changnon, D. Changnon, F.A. Huff, P. Merzlock, S.R. Silberberg, and N.E. Westcott, 1997: The record rainstorm on July 17-18, 1996 in northern Illinois. Illinois State Water Survey Miscellaneous Publication 182, Champaign, IL, 160 pp.

Quinn, F.H., T.E. Croley, II, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1997: Laurentian Great Lakes hydrology and lake levels under the transposed 1993 Mississippi River flood climate. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 23, 317-327.

Changnon, S.A., 1996: Defining the flood: A chronology of key events. In The Great Flood of 1993. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 3-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1996: Global climate change crosses state boundaries. Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, Vol. 11, 72-76, and AMS Conference on Environment Applications, Atlanta, GA.

Changon, S.A., 1996: Dry periods in Illinois. Preprints AMS Conference on Weather Modification, Atlanta, GA.

Changon, S.A., 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A focus on Chicago. Preprints Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS, Boston, MA, 31-33.

Changon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and B.C. Reinke, 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A call to action. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1497-1506.

Croley, T.E. II, F. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1996: Climate transposition effects on the Great Lakes. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-89, Ann Arbor, MI, 100 pp.

Changnon, S.A., 1995: Applied climatology: A glorious past-an uncertain future. Preprints, 9th Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, pp. 1-6.

Changnon, S.A., 1995: State roles in the global climate change issue. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 227-233.

Croley, T.E., II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1995: Potential Great Lakes hydrology and lake level impacts resulting from global warming. Preprints, Sixth Symposium on Global Change Studies. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, B.C. Reinke, and R.W. Arritt, 1995: The July 1995 heat wave in the Midwest: A climatic perspective and critical weather factors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1507-1518.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, S.E. Hollinger, B.C. Reinke, W.M. Wendland, and J.R. Angel, 1995: A regional response to demand for climate information during the 1993 flood. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2415-2421.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley, II, and F.H. Quinn, 1995: Scenarios for climate change impacts assessments in the Great Lakes region. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Effects of floods on transportation. Preprints, Special session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Impacts of the great flood of 1993: Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Impacts of the great flood of 1993: Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Mud, flood, and the Illinois River. In Proceedings of the 1993 Governor's Conference on the Management of the Illinois River System, Water Resources Center, University of Illinois Special Report 20, 28-41.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 811-822.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic perspective on the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1993: Are we doomed to fail in drought management? Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Changnon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and R. Shealy, 1993: Historical extremes in midwestern flooding: Implications for a changed climate. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and R.T. Shealy, 1993: Spatial and temporal characteristics of extreme precipitation events in the Midwest. Monthly Weather Review, 121, 858-866.

Changnon, S.A., 1992: Use of NEXRAD data in addressing climate change. Preprints, Conference on Managing Water Resources During Global Change, American Water Resources Association.

Changnon, S.A., 1991: Applied Climatology: Atmospheric Sciences Biggest Success Story Faces Major New Challenges. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Changnon, S.A., 1991: Relations between thunder reports and cloud-to-ground lightning flashes from lightning networks. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

Changnon, S.A., and F.A. Huff, 1991: Estimations of a changed climate on heavy rainfall frequencies. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 5 pp.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Assessing impacts of a climatologically unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Physical Geography, 13, 180-190.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Impacts of a climatologically-unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and C.G. Lonnquist, 1991: Meeting the climate information needs of agribusinesses and others in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, New Orleans, LA, January 13-18.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.S. Lonnquist, and M.S. Petersen, 1991: Operational climate information dissemination: Products, problems, and progress. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Riebsame, W.E., Changnon, S.A., and T. Karl, 1991: The 1987-89 Drought in the United States: Lessons for the Future. Proceedings of the Seminar on Drought Management and Planning, Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, p. 1-4.

Riebsame, W.E., S.A. Changnon, and T.R. Karl, 1991: Drought and Natural Resources Management in the United States. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 174 pp.

Changnon, S. A., 1990: Great Lakes waters: Too little or too much? Proceedings of Supplying Water and Saving the Environment for Six Billion People: 1990 ASCE Convention, ASCE, San Francisco, 41-49.

Changnon, S. A., and P. J. Lamb, 1990: Climate change: Should Illinois be concerned? Illinois Issues, 16, 20-21.

Changnon, S. A., and P. J. Lamb, 1990: Global warming in Illinois: Oklahoma, here we come! Illinois Issues, 16, 23-24.

Changnon, S. A., P. J. Lamb, and K. G. Hubbard, 1990: Regional Climate Centers: New institutions for climate services and climate-impact research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 527-537,

Changnon, S.A., 1990: Impacts and lessons taught by the 1988 drought. Planning for Water Shortages, Proceedings of the 1989 Annual Meeting, U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, St. Louis, pp. 263-270.

Changnon, S.A., and J. Changnon, 1990: Use of climatological data in weather insurance. J. Clim., 3, 568-576.

Kunkel K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.G. Lonnquist, and J.R. Angel, 1990: A real-time climate information system for the Midwestern United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 1601-1609.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Climate Change: The Knowns and Unknowns. Great Lakes Water Levels: Shoreline Dilemmas, Water Science and Technology Board, NRC, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 117-119.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts and implications of climate change. Proceedings of Conference on Greenhouse Effect: Investment Implications and Opportunities, Investor Responsibility Research Center, Washington, D.C., 151-157.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin. "Climate Change and Hydrologic and Atmospheric Issues: Lessons of the Past," p. 79-86, Joint Report #1, U.S. NCPO and Canadian Climate Centre.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: The 1988 drought, barges, and diversions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 70, 1092-1104.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: The drought, barges, and diversion. Preprints of 6th Conference on Applied Climatology, 31-39.

Changnon, S.A., and W. Easterling, 1989: Measuring drought impacts: The Illinois case. Water Resour. Bull., 25, 27-42.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and P.J. Lamb, 1989: The 1988 Midwestern drought: Key elements and impacts. Proceedings of Fifteenth Annual Illinois Crop Protection Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 92-108.

Quinn, F., and S.A. Changnon, 1989: Climate scenarios for the Great Lakes basin. Preprints of 6th Conference on Applied Climatology, 27-30.

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KUNKEL, KENNETH

2002 || 2001 || 2000 || 1999 || 1998 || 1997 || 1996 || 1995 || 1994 || 1993 || 1992 || 1991 || 1990 || 1989 ||

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2005 : Use of Real-time Multi-sensor Data to Assess the Relationship between Normalized Corn Yield, Monthly Rainfall, and Heat Stress across the Central United States . J. Appl. Meteor., accepted.

Changnon, S. A., Angel J. R., K. E. Kunkel, and C. M. Lehmann, 2004. The Illinois Climate Atlas. Illinois State Water Survey Information/Education Material 2004-2, 309 pp.

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2003: Relationship between normalized corn yields and monthly rainfall for the Midwestern United States. Preprint, 14 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Seattle , WA , 12 - 16 Jan 2004 . Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 5p.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R.K., 2002: Assessment of Potential Effects of Climate Change for Heavy Lake-Effect Snowstorms near Lake Erie . J. Great Lakes Research , 28, 521-536.

Westcott, N.E., and Kunkel, 2002: Inter-comparison of real-time rain gage and radar estimated rainfall on a monthly basis for Midwestern United States counties. Preprint, 13 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Portland OR , 13-16 May 2002. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 59-64.

Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2001: Causes for record high flood losses in the Midwest. Water International, 26, 223-230.

Kunkel, K.E., 2001: Midwest U.S. trends in precipitation extremes and event return periods. Preprints, Symposium on Precipitation Extremes, Impacts, and Responses, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, pp. J20-J21.

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Changnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: The nature and impacts of the July 1999 heat wave in the Midwestern U.S.: Learning from the lessons of 1995. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 1353-1367.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: Further investigation of a physically-based, non-dimensional parameter for discriminating locations of freezing rain and ice pellets. Weather and Forecasting, 16, 185-191.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, D. Miller, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: A synoptic weather pattern and sounding-based cilmatology of freezing precipitation in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Journal Applied Meteorology, in press.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: El Nino 1997-1998 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2000-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 64pp.

Kristovich, D.A.R., N.E. Westcott, K.E. Kunkel and X-Z Liang, 2000. Downscaling relationships for summer heavy and widespread rain events in the U.S. Midwest. J1-J3 in Preprint, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. American Meteor. Soc., Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., 2000. Flooding from Extratropical Cyclones. Storms Volume I, edited by R. Pielke, Jr., and R. Pielke, Sr., 477-490.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and X-Z Liang, 2000. Observations and regional climate model simulations of heavy precipitation events: A comparision. Preprints, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC 8-11 May 2000. American Meteorological Soc., Boston, 4p.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2000: Assessment of potential effects of climate change on heavy lake-effect snowstorms near Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res., accepted.

Pielke, R.A., Downton, M., Miller, J.Z., Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2000: Understanding damaging floods in Iowa: Climate and societal interactions in the Skunk and Raccoon River Basins. NCAR, Boulder, CO, 69pp.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: The relative importance of warm rain and melting processes in freezing precipitation events. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 1185-1195.

Changnon, S., and K. Kunkel, 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part I: Synoptic and Mesoscale features. Journal of Applied Meteorol., 38, 257-265.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Rapidly expanding uses of Climate Data and Information in Agriculture and Water Resources: Causes and characteristics of new applications. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 821-830.

Kunkel, K.E., and J.R. Angel, 1999: The relationship of ENSO to snowfall and related cyclone activity in the contiguous United States, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 19, 425-19, 434.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and D.R. Easterling, 1999: Long-term trends in heavy precipitation events over North America. Journal of Climate, 12, 2513-2525.

Kunkel, K.E., Pielke, R.A., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 1077-1098.

Westcott, N.E., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Computation of soil moisture for the Central US Region using WSR-88D precipitation estimates. Preprints, 29th International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Montreal, Canada, 12-16.

Westcott, Nancy E., D.A.R. Kristovich, K.E. Kunkel, 1999. Climatology of Heavy Lake Effect Snows for Lake Erie. In: Preprints, 11th Conference on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 248-253.

Croley, T.E. II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1998: Great Lakes hydrology under transposed climates. Climate Change, 38, 405-433.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, G. Conner, W.L. Decker, H.J. Hillaker, Jr., P. Naber Knox, F.V. Nurnberger, J.C. Rogers, K. Scheeringa, W.M. Wendland, J. Zandlo, and J.R. Angel, 1998: An expanded digital daily database for climatic resources applications in the Midwestern United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79, 1357-1366.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and S.E. Hollinger, 1998: Operational modeling of soil moisture at high spatial resolution in the Central U.S. Preprints 23rd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Albuquerque, NM, American Meteorological Society.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley II, and F.H. Quinn, 1998: Transposed climates for study of water supply variability on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Climate Change, 38, 387-404.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Isard, S.E. Hollinger, B. Gleason, and M. Belding, 1998: Spatial heterogeneity of albedo over a snow-covered agricultural landscape. J. Geophys. Res., accepted.

Quinn, F.H., T.E. Croley, II, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1997: Laurentian Great Lakes hydrology and lake levels under the transposed 1993 Mississippi River flood climate. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 23, 317-327.

Changon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and B.C. Reinke, 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A call to action. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1497-1506.

Croley, T.E. II, F. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1996: Climate transposition effects on the Great Lakes. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-89, Ann Arbor, MI, 100 pp.

Croley, T.E., II, and K.E. Kunkel, 1996: Applications of the new outlook in operational hydrology. Preprints, 13th Conference on Probability and Statistics in the Atmospheric Sciences, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: A hydroclimatic assessment of the rainfall. In The Great Flood of 1993: Causes, Impacts, and Responses. S.A. Changnon (Ed.), Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 52-67.

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: Meteorological and climatological assessment of the heat wave. Preprints, Symposium on Environmental Applications, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: Operational assessment of midwestern corn and soybean yields during 1992-1994. Preprints, 22nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society.

Croley, T.E., II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1995: Potential Great Lakes hydrology and lake level impacts resulting from global warming. Preprints, Sixth Symposium on Global Change Studies. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E. and S.E. Hollinger, 1995: Late spring freezes in the central U.S.: Climatological aspects. Journal of Production Agriculture, 8, 190-198.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, B.C. Reinke, and R.W. Arritt, 1995: The July 1995 heat wave in the Midwest: A climatic perspective and critical weather factors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1507-1518.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, S.E. Hollinger, B.C. Reinke, W.M. Wendland, and J.R. Angel, 1995: A regional response to demand for climate information during the 1993 flood. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2415-2421.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley, II, and F.H. Quinn, 1995: Scenarios for climate change impacts assessments in the Great Lakes region. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Petersen, M.S., P.J. Lamb, and K.E. Kunkel, 1995: Implementation of a semi-physical model for examining solar radiation in the Midwest. J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 1905-1915.

Reinke, B.C., K.E. Kunkel, S.E. Hollinger, and J.R. Angel, 1995: Unique climate information products of the Midwestern Regional Climate Center. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel K.E. and D.R. Easterling, 1994: Climate change and heavy rain events in the central U.S. Proceedings, International Specialty Conference on Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Mitigation Strategies, Phoenix, Arizona, April 5-8.

Kunkel, K.E., 1994: A climatic perspective on the 1993 flooding rains in the Upper Mississippi River basin. Water International, 19, 186-189.

Kunkel, K.E., 1994: The unique weather/climatic conditions causing the 1993 midwestern floods. Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Francisco, California, February 19-23 (Abstract).

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 811-822.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic perspective on the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Kunkel, K.E., W.M. Wendland, and S. Vermette, 1994: Climate trends in Illinois. In The Changing Illinois Environment: Critical Trends, Volume I: Air Processes, Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, Technical Report ILENR/RE-EA-94/05(1), 7-89.

Reinke, B.C., J.R. Angel, K.E. Kunkel, 1994: Midwestern Climate Information System (MICIS) User Guide. Miscellaneous Publication 157, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 121 pp.

Changnon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and R. Shealy, 1993: Historical extremes in midwestern flooding: Implications for a changed climate. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Kunkel, K.E., 1993: Real-time climate networks of the U.S. In Report of Task Group 2, Working Committee 3, International Joint Commission Levels Reference Study, Phase II, pp. 89-91.

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1993: Effects of drought on sensible and latent heat fluxes over corn. Preprints, Conference on Hydroclimatology: Land-Surface/Atmospheric Interactions on Global and Regional Scales. 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, American Meteorological Society.

Kunkel, K.E., D.R. Easterling, and W.-C. Wang, 1993: Upper air flow patterns associated with heavy precipitation: A comparison of observed and GCM data. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology. 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Kunkel, K.E., L.D. Mortsch, and P. Lewis, 1993: The climate of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River basin. In Report of Task Group 2, Working Committee 3, International Joint Commission Levels Reference Study, Phase II, pp. 9-15.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and R.T. Shealy, 1993: Spatial and temporal characteristics of extreme precipitation events in the Midwest. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 858-866.

Reinke, B.C., J.R. Angel, K.E. Kunkel, and S.E. Hollinger, 1993: User Guide:Midwestern Agricultural Climate Atlas Version 1.0. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 93-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 26 pp.

Reinke, B.C., S.E. Hollinger, K.E. Kunkel. J.R. Angel, C.G. Lonnquist, R.W. Scott, M.S. Petersen, and J.T.Y. Chen, 1993: Midwestern agricultural climate atlas. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Wendland, W.M., K.E. Kunkel, G. Conner, W.L. Decker, H. Hillaker, P. Naber Knox, F.W. Nurnberger, J. Rogers, K. Scheeringa, and J. Zandlo, 1992: Mean 1961-1990 Temperature and Precipitation over the Upper Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 92-01, 27 pp.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Assessing impacts of a climatologically unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Physical Geography, 13, 180-190.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Impacts of a climatologically-unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1991: Operational Large Area Corn and Soybean Yield Estimation. Preprints, 20th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1991: Soil Moisture/Evaporation/Precipitation Feedback: A Case Study of the 1988 Drought. Preprints, Tenth Conference on Biometeorology and Aerobiology and Special Session on Hydrometeorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and C.G. Lonnquist, 1991: Meeting the climate information needs of agribusinesses and others in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, New Orleans, LA, January 13-18.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.S. Lonnquist, and M.S. Petersen, 1991: Operational climate information dissemination: Products, problems, and progress. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., S.E. Hollinger, and F. Kogan, 1991: Soil moisture/evaporation /precipitation feedback: A case study of the 1988 drought. Preprints, 20th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Petersen, M.S., K.E. Kunkel, and P.J. Lamb, 1991: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Preprints, Fifth Conference on Climate Variations, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

Petersen, M.S., K.E. Kunkel, and P.J. Lamb, 1991: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 3 pp.

Kunkel K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.G. Lonnquist, and J.R. Angel, 1990: A real-time climate information system for the Midwestern United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 1601-1609.

Kunkel, K. E., 1990: Operational soil moisture estimation for the midwestern United States. J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 1158-1166.

Kunkel, K.E. and A. Court, 1989: Climatic means and normals. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 201-204.

Kunkel, K.E. and J.R. Angel, 1989: A perspective on the 1988 midwestern drought. EOS, 70, 817.

Kunkel, K.E., 1989: A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 48, 217-225.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and P.J. Lamb, 1989: The 1988 Midwestern drought: Key elements and impacts. Proceedings of Fifteenth Annual Illinois Crop Protection Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 92-108.

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PALECKI, MICHAEL

Palecki, M.A., 2002: A comparison of recent large-scale floods in the north-central U.S.: climatology, impacts, mitigation, and the value of improved predictions. 3rd Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, January 13-18, 2002. 4 pp.

Angel, J.R., M.A. Palecki, and S.E. Hollinger, 2001: Storm precipitation structure in the Eastern United States: Part II, Temporal Changes, pp. J7-J8, Preprints.

Palecki, M.A., J.R. Angel, and S.E. Hollinger, 2001: Storm precipitation structure in the Eastern United States: Part I, Spatial Changes, pp. J5-J6, Preprints.

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Changnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: The nature and impacts of the July 1999 heat wave in the Midwestern U.S.: Learning from the lessons of 1995. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 1353-1367.

Palecki, M.A., and D.J. Leathers, 2000. Spatial modes of drought in the central United States. Preprints, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 4p.

Palecki, Michael A., 1999. Examining the Climate Response to El Nino and La Nina using high temporal resolution approaches. In: Preprints, 11th Conf. on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 97-100.

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