RESOURCES: PUBLICATIONS

MRCC Staff Publications by Topic

BY TOPIC
Agriculture Air-Sea Interactions Applied Climatology Climate and Weather Impacts Climate Change
Climate Data and Sources Climate Prediction Drought El Niño Floods and Heavy Rain Events
Great Lakes Hail and Severe Weather Heat Waves Rainfall Frequencies Water Resources
BY AUTHOR
Hall, Beth Hilberg, Steve Timlin, Mike Westcott, Nancy Other Authors

AGRICULTURE

2005

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2005 : Use of Real-time Multi-sensor Data to Assess the Relationship between Normalized Corn Yield, Monthly Rainfall, and Heat Stress across the Central United States . J. Appl. Meteor., accepted.

2003

Westcott, N.E. S.E. Hollinger, and K.E. Kunkel, 2003: Relationship between normalized corn yields and monthly rainfall for the Midwestern United States. Preprint, 14 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Seattle, WA , 12 - 16 Jan 2004 . Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 5p.

2000

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 2000: Temporal changes in corn-weather seasons in Illinois. Climatic Change, 47, 353-372.

1999

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Temporal Fluctuations in Seasonal Weather Conditions Critical to Water Resources and Crop Production in Illinois, Research Report, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions and their impacts on crop production and water resources in Illinois, Research Report 127, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 32pp.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Rapidly expanding uses of Climate Data and Information in Agriculture and Water Resources: Causes and characteristics of new applications. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 821-830.

Westcott, N.E., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Computation of soil moisture for the Central US Region using WSR-88D precipitation estimates. Preprints, 29th International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Montreal, Canada, 12-16.

1998

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and S.E. Hollinger, 1998: Operational modeling of soil moisture at high spatial resolution in the Central U.S. Preprints 23rd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Albuquerque, NM, American Meteorological Society.

1996

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: Operational assessment of midwestern corn and soybean yields during 1992-1994. Preprints, 22nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society.

1995

Kunkel, K.E. and S.E. Hollinger, 1995: Late spring freezes in the central U.S.: Climatological aspects. Journal of Production Agriculture, 8, 190-198.

1993

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1993: Effects of drought on sensible and latent heat fluxes over corn. Preprints, Conference on Hydroclimatology: Land-Surface/Atmospheric Interactions on Global and Regional Scales. 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, American Meteorological Society.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1993: Midwestern Agricultural Climate Atlas. Brochure.

Reinke, B.C., J.R. Angel, K.E. Kunkel, and S.E. Hollinger, 1993: User Guide:Midwestern Agricultural Climate Atlas Version 1.0. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 93-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 26 pp.

Reinke, B.C., S.E. Hollinger, K.E. Kunkel. J.R. Angel, C.G. Lonnquist, R.W. Scott, M.S. Petersen, and J.T.Y. Chen, 1993: Midwestern agricultural climate atlas. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

1991

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1991: Operational crop yield assessments using CERES-Maize and SOYGRO. Preprints, 20th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1991: Operational Large Area Corn and Soybean Yield Estimation. Preprints, 20th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and C.G. Lonnquist, 1991: Meeting the climate information needs of agribusinesses and others in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, New Orleans, LA, January 13-18.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1991: Climate, Agriculture, and Drought: Miscellaneous Papers, Research Report 91-01, 96 pp.

1990

Kunkel, K. E., 1990: Operational soil moisture estimation for the midwestern United States. J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 1158-1166.

1989

Mjelde, J., S.T. Sonka, and D.S. Peel, 1989: The Socioeconomic Value of Climate and Weather Forecasting: A Review. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 89-01, 21 pp.

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AIR-SEA INTERACTIONS

2004

Alexander, M. A., U. S. Bhatt, J. E. Walsh, M. S. Timlin, J. S. Miller, and J. D. Scott, 2004: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. J. Climate,17, 890-905.

2003

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 2003: Understanding the persistence of sea surface temperature anomalies in midlatitudes. J. Climate, 16, 57-72. 

2002

Deser, C., M. Holland, G. Reverdin, and M. S. Timlin, 2002: Decadal variations in Labrador sea ice cover and North Atlantic sea surface temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans,107, 1029-1040. 

Timlin, M. S., M. A. Alexander, and C. Deser, 2002: On the reemergence of North Atlantic SST anomalies. J. Climate, 15, 2707-2712.

2001

Alexander, M. A., M. S. Timlin, and J. D. Scott, 2001: Winter-to-winter recurrence of sea surface temperature, salinity and mixed layer depth anomalies. Progress in Oceanography, 49, 41-61. 

2000

Deser, C., J. E. Walsh, and M. S. Timlin, 2000: Arctic sea ice variability in the context of recent atmospheric circulation trends. J. Climate, 13, 617-633. 

1999

Alexander, M. A., C. Deser and M. S. Timlin, 1999: The re-emergence of SST anomalies in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 12, 2419-2433. 

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 1999: Evidence for a wind-driven intensification of the Kuroshio Current Extension from the 1970s to the 1980s. J. Climate, 12, 1697-1706. 

1997

Deser, C. and M. S. Timlin, 1997: Atmosphere-ocean interaction on weekly timescales in the North Atlantic and Pacific. J. Climate, 10, 393-408. 

1996

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 1996: Upper ocean thermal variations in the North Pacific during 1970-1991. J. Climate, 9, 1840-1855. 

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APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY

2011

Westcott, N.E., 2011:  The Prolonged 1954 Heat Wave: Impacts and Responses.  J. Weather, Climate and Society, 3, 165-176.

Westcott, N.E., and S.D. Hilberg, R.L. Lampman, B. W. Alto, A. Bedel, E.J. Muturi, H. Glahn, M. Baker,  K.E., Kunkel, R.J. Novak, 2011:  Predicting the Seasonal Shift in Mosquito Populations Preceding the Onset of the West Nile Virus in Central Illinois, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92,1173-1180.

2009

Westcott N.E. and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2009: A Climatology and Case Study of Continental Cold Season Dense Fogs Associated with Low Clouds:  J. Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48, 2201-2214.

2007

Westcott, N.E., 2007:  Some Aspects of Dense Fog in the Midwestern United States.  Weather and Forecasting, 22, 457-465.

2005

Westcott, N.E., 2005: Conditions Associated with Cold Season Dense Fog In the Midwestern United States. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Feb 2005, 117pp.

Kennedy, J., B. L. Hall and T. J. Brown, 2005:  New York state fire climatology. Sixth Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

2004

Westcott, N.E., 2004: Environmental conditions associated with dense fog in Illinois . Preprint, 11 th Conference on Aviation, Range and Aerospace, Hyannis , MA , 4-8 October 2004, 5p.

Westcott, N.E., 2004: Synoptic conditions associated with dense fog in the Midwest . Preprint, 14 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Seattle , WA , 12 - 16 Jan 2004 . Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 6p.

2003

Hall, B.L., and T.J. Brown, 2003:  A Comparison of Precipitation and Drought Indices Related to Fire Activity and Potential in the US.  Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 6 pp.

2002

Brown, T.J., B.L. Hall, C.R. Mohrle, and H.J. Reinbold, 2002: Applications of the National Lightning Detection Network Data for Wildland Fire Management. Proceedings of the 17th International Lightning Detection Conference, 7 pp.

Changnon, S.A., 2002: Hydroclimatic differences in precipitation measured on two dense raingage networks. Journal of Hydrometeorology, in press.

Westcott, N.E., 2002: Trends in dense fog frequency in the Midwestern United States. Preprint, 13 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Portland OR , 13-16 May 2002. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 173-176.

2001

Brown, T.J., and B.L. Hall, 2001: Assessing long-term fire danger variability and change from climate model output. Proceedings of the American Meteorological Society Fourth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 217-219.

Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2001: Causes for record high flood losses in the Midwest. Water International, 26, 223-230.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, D. Miller, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: A synoptic weather pattern and sounding-based cilmatology of freezing precipitation in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Journal Applied Meteorology, in press.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: Further investigation of a physically-based, non-dimensional parameter for discriminating locations of freezing rain and ice pellets. Weather and Forecasting, 16, 185-191.

Westcott, N., and S. Isard, 2001: Dense Fog Frequency in the North Central United States. Preprints, Second International Conference of Fog and Fog Collection, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, July 15-20, 2001. pp. 387-390.

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Changing Views of weather in the 20th century. Bulletin AMS, 81, 84.

Rauber, R.M., L.S. Olthoff, M.K. Ramamurthy, and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: The relative importance of warm rain and melting processes in freezing precipitation events. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 1185-1195.

1999

Changnon, S.A., Fosse, E.R., and E. Lecomte, 1999: Interactions between the atmospheric sciences and insurers in the United States. Climatic Change, 42, 51-67.

1996

Croley, T.E., II, and K.E. Kunkel, 1996: Applications of the new outlook in operational hydrology. Preprints, 13th Conference on Probability and Statistics in the Atmospheric Sciences, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1995

Changnon, S.A., 1995: Applied climatology: A glorious past-an uncertain future. Preprints, 9th Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, pp. 1-6.

1991

Changnon, S.A., 1991: Applied Climatology: Atmospheric Sciences Biggest Success Story Faces Major New Challenges. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1991: Applied Climatology Research: Miscellaneous Papers. MCC Research Report 91-03, 62 pp.

1990

Kunkel, K. E., 1990: Operational soil moisture estimation for the midwestern United States. J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 1158-1166.

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CLIMATE AND WEATHER IMPACTS

2011

Westcott, N.E., 2011:  A Perspective on Weather Modification: Planned and Inadvertent.  Chapter 120 in Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects, S.D.D. Brunn (Ed.), Springer, Netherlands, 2173-2184 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9920-4_120).

2008

Hall, B. L., 2008: Fire ignitions related to radar reflectivity patterns in Arizona and New Mexico.  Internatl J. of Wildland Fire, 17, 317-327.

Evett, R. R. et al., 2008:  The effect of monsoonal atmospheric moisture on lightning fire ignitions in southwestern North America.  Agric. Forest Meteorol., doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.05.002.

2007

Hall, B. L., 2007: Precipitation associated with lightning ignited wildfires in Arizona and New Mexico.  Internatl. J. of Wildland Fire, 16(2), 252-254.

2005

Angel, James A. and  Steven D. Hilberg, 2005:  Features and Impacts of the 2005 Drought in Illinois. Preprint, 2nd Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Conference.

2004

Westerling, A. L., D. R. Cayan, T. J. Brown, B. L. Hall, and L. G. Riddle, 2004: Climate, Santa Ana winds and autumn wildfires in southern California.  EOS, 85(31), 289-296.

2003

Brown, T.J., B.L. Hall, and A.L. Westerling, 2003: The impact of Twenty-First Century climate change on wildland fire danger in the western United States: an applications perspective. Climatic Change, 62, 365-388.

Mohrle, C.R., B.L. Hall, and T.J. Brown, 2003:  The Southwest Monsoon and its impact on wildland fire.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 8 pp.

2002

Palecki, M.A., 2002: A comparison of recent large-scale floods in the north-central U.S.: climatology, impacts, mitigation, and the value of improved predictions. 3rd Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, January 13-18, 2002. 4 pp.

2001

Changnon, S., 2001: Socioeconomic impacts of heavy precipitation in the United States. Preprints Symposium on Precipitation Extremes: Predictions, Impacts and Responses. Amer. Meteoro. Soc., Boston, J26-J27.

Changnon, S.A., and G.J. Hewings, 2001: Losses from weather extremes in the United States. Natural Hazards Review, 2, 113-123.

Changnon, S.A., J.M. Changnon, and G.J. Hewings, 2001: Losses caused by weather and climate extremes: A national index for the U.S. Physical Geography, 22, 1-27.

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Changnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: The nature and impacts of the July 1999 heat wave in the Midwestern U.S.: Learning from the lessons of 1995. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 1353-1367.

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of hail in the United States. Storms, Volume II, Routledge Press, London, 163-191.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Changing importance of weather during the 20th century. WeatherZine, 24, 3-5.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of El Niño's weather. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 136-171.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Reactions and responses to recent urban droughts. Physical Geography, 21, 1-20.

Changnon, S.A., and D.R. Easterling, 2000: U.S. policies pertaining to weather and climate extremes, Science, 289, 2053-2055.

Changnon, S.A., and G.J.D. Hewings, 2000: Development of an index to monitor national extreme weather-climate impacts in the U.S. Preprints 15th Conference on Probability and Statistics and 12th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, 208-209.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., and L. Wilkins, 2000: Summary: Surprises, lessons learned, and the legacy of El Niño 1997-1998. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 197-210.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., Sylves, R.T., and R. Pulwarty, 2000: Human factors explain the increased losses from weather and climate extremes. Bulletin, 81, 437-442.

Pielke, R.A., Downton, M., Miller, J.Z., Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2000: Understanding damaging floods in Iowa: Climate and societal interactions in the Skunk and Raccoon River Basins. NCAR, Boulder, CO, 69pp.

1999

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Factors affecting temporal fluctuations in damaging storm activity in the U.S. based on insurance loss data. Meteorological Applications, 6, 1-10.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record high losses for weather disasters in the United States during the 1990s: How excessive and why? Natual Hazards, 18, 287-300.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño-generated weather on the U.S., Bulletin Amer. Meteoro. Soc., 80, 1819-1827.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, R.A., Changnon, D., Sylves, R., and R. Pulwarty, 1999: Trends in socio-economic impacts related to weather and climate extremes in the United States. Bulletin Amer. Meteoro. Society, 81, in press.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part III: Impacts and responses to the flash flooding. J. of Applied Meteoro., 38, 273-280.

Kunkel, K. E. and J.R. Angel, 1999: Relationship of ENSO to snowfall and related cyclone activity in the contiguous United States. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 19,425-19,434.

Kunkel, K.E., Pielke, R.A., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 1077-1098.

Litan, R., Andrews, R., Changnon, S.A., Cluff, L., Eguchi, R., Kimpel, J.F., Kiremidjian, A., Roth, R.J., Jr., Schelling, T., Sylves, R., and C. West, 1999: The Costs of Natural Disasters: A Framework for Assessment. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

1998

Changnon, S.A., 1998: The historical struggle with floods on the Mississippi River basin: Impacts of recent floods and lessons for future flood management and policy. Water International, 23, 263-271.

1996

Changon, S.A., 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A focus on Chicago. Preprints Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS, Boston, MA, 31-33.

Westcott, N.E., 1996:  Land-lake differences in thunderstorm activity in the vicinity of cities near Lake Michigan.  Preprint, 13th AMS Conf. on Planned and Inadvertent Wea. Modification, Amer. Meteor., Soc. Boston, 106-109.

1995

Croley, T.E., II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1995: Potential Great Lakes hydrology and lake level impacts resulting from global warming. Preprints, Sixth Symposium on Global Change Studies. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Westcott, N.E., 1995:  Summertime Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity around Major Midwestern Urban Areas.   J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 1633-1642.

1994

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Impacts of the great flood of 1993: Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

1991

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Assessing impacts of a climatologically unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Physical Geography, 13, 180-190.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1991: Impacts of a climatologically-unique year (1990) in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

1990

Changnon, S.A., 1990: Impacts and lessons taught by the 1988 drought. Planning for Water Shortages, Proceedings of the 1989 Annual Meeting, U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, St. Louis, pp. 263-270.

1989

Changnon, S.A., and W. Easterling, 1989: Measuring drought impacts: The Illinois case. Water Resour. Bull., 25, 27-42.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts and implications of climate change. Proceedings of Conference on Greenhouse Effect: Investment Implications and Opportunities, Investor Responsibility Research Center, Washington, D.C., 151-157.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and P.J. Lamb, 1989: The 1988 Midwestern drought: Key elements and impacts. Proceedings of Fifteenth Annual Illinois Crop Protection Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 92-108.

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CLIMATE CHANGE

2002

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R.K., 2002: Assessment of Potential Effects of Climate Change for Heavy Lake-Effect Snowstorms near Lake Erie . J. Great Lakes Research , 28, 521-536.

2001

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Assessment of historical thunderstorm data for urban effects: The Chicago Case. Climatic Change, 49, 161-169.

Changnon, S.A., J.M. Changnon, and G.J. Hewings, 2001: Losses caused by weather and climate extremes: A national index for the U.S. Physical Geography, 22, 1-27.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2001: Long-term fluctuations in thunderstorm activity in the United States. Climatic Change, 50, 489-503.

2000

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., Sylves, R.T., and R. Pulwarty, 2000: Human factors explain the increased losses from weather and climate extremes. Bulletin, 81, 437-442.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2000: Long-term fluctuations in hail incidences in the U.S., Journal of Climate, 13, 658-664.

Changnon, S.A., and D.R. Easterling, 2000: U.S. policies pertaining to weather and climate extremes, Science, 289, 2053-2055.

Changnon, S.A., and G.J.D. Hewings, 2000: Development of an index to monitor national extreme weather-climate impacts in the U.S. Preprints 15th Conference on Probability and Statistics and 12th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, 208-209.

Easterling, D.R., Meehl, G.A., Parmesan, C., Changnon, S.A., Karl, T.R., and L. Mearns, 2000: Climate extremes: Observations, modeling, and impacts. Science, 289, 2068-2074.

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2000: Assessment of potential effects of climate change on heavy lake-effect snowstorms near Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res., accepted.

Meehl, G., Karl, T., Easterling, D., Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., and 11 other authors, 2000: An introduction to trends in extreme weather and climate events: Observations, socioeconomic impacts, terrestrial ecological impacts, and model projections. AMS Bulletin, 81, 413-416.

1999

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Temporal changes in corn-weather seasons in Illinois. Climatic Change, in press.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Temporal Fluctuations in Seasonal Weather Conditions Critical to Water Resources and Crop Production in Illinois, Research Report, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions and their impacts on crop production and water resources in Illinois, Research Report 127, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 32pp.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: A rare long record of deep soil temperatures defines temporal temperature changes and an urban heat island. Climatic Change, 42, 531-538.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Factors affecting temporal fluctuations in damaging storm activity in the U.S. based on insurance loss data. Meteorological Applications, 6, 1-11.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record high losses for weather disasters in the United States during the 1990s: How excessive and why? Natual Hazards, 18, 287-300.

Heim, R.R., Jr., and J.R. Angel, 1999: Urbana, Illinois: A case study of 20th century snowfall. Preprint, 11th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Dallas TX, 275-282.

Kunkel, K.E., Pielke, R.A., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 1077-1098.

1998

Croley, T.E. II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1998: Great Lakes hydrology under transposed climates. Climate Change, 38, 405-433.

1996

Changnon, S.A., 1996: Global climate change crosses state boundaries. Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, Vol. 11, 72-76, and AMS Conference on Environment Applications, Atlanta, GA.

1995

Changnon, S.A., 1995: State roles in the global climate change issue. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 227-233.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley, II, and F.H. Quinn, 1995: Scenarios for climate change impacts assessments in the Great Lakes region. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1994

Kunkel, K.E., W.M. Wendland, and S. Vermette, 1994: Climate trends in Illinois. In The Changing Illinois Environment: Critical Trends, Volume I: Air Processes, Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, Technical Report ILENR/RE-EA-94/05(1), 7-89.

Kunkel K.E. and D.R. Easterling, 1994: Climate change and heavy rain events in the central U.S. Proceedings, International Specialty Conference on Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Mitigation Strategies, Phoenix, Arizona, April 5-8.

1993

Changnon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and R. Shealy, 1993: Historical extremes in midwestern flooding: Implications for a changed climate. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

1992

Changnon, S.A., 1992: Use of NEXRAD data in addressing climate change. Preprints, Conference on Managing Water Resources During Global Change, American Water Resources Association.

1990

Changnon, S. A., and P. J. Lamb, 1990: Climate change: Should Illinois be concerned? Illinois Issues, 16, 20-21.

Changnon, S. A., and P. J. Lamb, 1990: Global warming in Illinois: Oklahoma, here we come! Illinois Issues, 16, 23-24.

DeGrand, J.Q., A.M. Carleton, and P.J. Lamb, 1990: A mid-season climatology of jet condensation trails from high resolution satellite data. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, San Francisco, July 23-27.

1989

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Climate Change: The Knowns and Unknowns. Great Lakes Water Levels: Shoreline Dilemmas, Water Science and Technology Board, NRC, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 117-119.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts and implications of climate change. Proceedings of Conference on Greenhouse Effect: Investment Implications and Opportunities, Investor Responsibility Research Center, Washington, D.C., 151-157.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin. "Climate Change and Hydrologic and Atmospheric Issues: Lessons of the Past," p. 79-86, Joint Report #1, U.S. NCPO and Canadian Climate Centre.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1989: Drought and Climate Change. Research Report 89-02, 104 pp.

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CLIMATE DATA AND SOURCES

2011

Hall, B. L. and R. Davis, 2011: Development of an historical prescribed fire smoke management database for North Carolina, Fire Management Notes.  In Review.

2010

DeGaetano, Arthur T., Timothy J. Brown, Steven D. Hilberg, Kelly Redmond, Kevin Robbins, Peter Robinson, Martha Shulski, and Marjorie McGuirk, 2010.  Towards Regional Climate Services: The Role of NOAA’s Regional Climate Centers.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 91, No. 12, pp. 1633-1644.

2006

Hall, B. L. and T. J. Brown, 2006:  Comparison of weather data from the Remote Automated Weather Station network and the North American Regional Reanalysis, Proceedings of the 14th Symposium on Meteorological Observation and Instrumentation, San Antonio, Texas, 16 January 2007.

2005

Hall, B. L. and T. J. Brown, 2005:  Estimating missing station weather data using North American Regional Reanalysis. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

2003

Reinbold, H., B.L. Hall, T.J. Brown, and J.O. Roads, 2003: Verification of ECPC’s regional spectral model forecasts for wildland fire climate applications.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 14 pp.

Schlobohm, P.J., B.L. Hall, and T.J. Brown, 2003: Using NDVI to determine green-up date for the National Fire Danger Rating System.  Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fifth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 15 pp.

2002

Hilberg, S.D., and J.D. Burroughs, 2002: Trends in the Use of Climate Data: A Regional Center Perspective. Preprints, Thirteenth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

2001

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorms Across the Nation: An Atlas of Storms, Hail and Their Damages in the 20th Century. Changnon Climatologist and Office of Global Programs, NOAA, 93pp.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Assessment of the quality of thunderstorm data at first-order stations. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40, 783-794.

Hall, B.L., and T.J. Brown, 2001: Development of lightning climatology information over the western U.S. Proceedings American Meteorological Society Fourth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 112-114.

1999

Brown, T. J. and B. L. Hall, 1999:  The use of t-values in climatological composite analyses. J. Climate, 12, 2941-2944.

Changnon, S.A., and K.E. Kunkel, 1999: Rapidly expanding uses of Climate Data and Information in Agriculture and Water Resources: Causes and characteristics of new applications. Bulletin Amer. Meteorological Society, 80, 821-830.

1998

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, G. Conner, W.L. Decker, H.J. Hillaker, Jr., P. Naber Knox, F.V. Nurnberger, J.C. Rogers, K. Scheeringa, W.M. Wendland, J. Zandlo, and J.R. Angel, 1998: An expanded digital daily database for climatic resources applications in the Midwestern United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79, 1357-1366.

1997

Midwestern Climate Center, 1997: Midwestern Climate Information System. Illinois State Water Survey, Miscellaneous Publication 180 (brochure).

1995

Petersen, M.S., P.J. Lamb, and K.E. Kunkel, 1995: Implementation of a semi-physical model for examining solar radiation in the Midwest. J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 1905-1915.

Reinke, B.C., K.E. Kunkel, S.E. Hollinger, and J.R. Angel, 1995: Unique climate information products of the Midwestern Regional Climate Center. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1994

Reinke, B.C., J.R. Angel, K.E. Kunkel, 1994: Midwestern Climate Information System (MICIS) User Guide. Miscellaneous Publication 157, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 121 pp.

1993

Angel, J.R., W.E. Easterling, and S.W. Kirsch, 1993: Towards defining important averaging periods for climate normals. Climatological Bulletin, 27, 28-44.

Kunkel, K.E., 1993: Real-time climate networks of the U.S. In Report of Task Group 2, Working Committee 3, International Joint Commission Levels Reference Study, Phase II, pp. 89-91.

Petersen, M.S., 1993: Climatologies of various surface hourly observed data. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd Annual AMS Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Wendland, W.M., and W. Armstrong, 1993: Comparison of Maximum-Minimum Resistance and Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Records. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 10, 233-237.

1992

Wendland, W.M., K.E. Kunkel, G. Conner, W.L. Decker, H. Hillaker, P. Naber Knox, F.W. Nurnberger, J. Rogers, K. Scheeringa, and J. Zandlo, 1992: Mean 1961-1990 Temperature and Precipitation over the Upper Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 92-01, 27 pp.

1991

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.S. Lonnquist, and M.S. Petersen, 1991: Operational climate information dissemination: Products, problems, and progress. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and C.G. Lonnquist, 1991: Meeting the climate information needs of agribusinesses and others in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, New Orleans, LA, January 13-18.

Petersen, M.S., 1991: Guide to Hourly Surface Meteorological Data. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 91-02, 38 pp.

Petersen, M.S., K.E. Kunkel, and P.J. Lamb, 1991: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 3 pp.

Petersen, M.S., K.E. Kunkel, and P.J. Lamb, 1991: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Preprints, Fifth Conference on Climate Variations, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

1990

Changnon, S.A., and J. Changnon, 1990: Use of climatological data in weather insurance. J. Clim., 3, 568-576.

Changnon, S. A., P. J. Lamb, and K. G. Hubbard, 1990: Regional Climate Centers: New institutions for climate services and climate-impact research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 527-537,

Kunkel K.E., S.A. Changnon, C.G. Lonnquist, and J.R. Angel, 1990: A real-time climate information system for the Midwestern United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 1601-1609.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1990: Midwestern Climate Center. Illinois State Water Survey, Miscellaneous Publication 118 (brochure).

Petersen, M. S., 1990: Implementation of a Semi-Physical Model for Examining Solar Radiation in the Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 90-01.

1989

Easterling, W.E., J.R. Angel, and S. Kirsch, 1989: On the Appropriate Use of Climatic Information in Illinois Natural Gas Utility Weather Normalization. Illinois State Water Survey Report of Investigation 112, Champaign, IL.

Kunkel, K.E. and A. Court, 1989: Climatic means and normals. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 201-204.

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CLIMATE PREDICTION

2005

Reinbold, H. J., B. L. Hall and T. J. Brown, 2005:  Development of model output statistic (MOS) products for predictive services. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Canmore, Alberta, 25-27 October.

2003

Hall, B.L., T.J. Brown,  L.S. Bradshaw, W.M. Jolly, and R. Nemani, 2003:  National Standardized Energy Release Component Forecasts. .  Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 3 pp.

2001

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Review of "Making Climate Forecasts Matter," Climatic Change, 50, 678-680.

Sonka, S.T., Changnon, S.A., Bard, S., and T. Doehring, 2001: Midwestern impacts of the 2000 drought forecasts. Ag. Education & Consulting, LLC., Champaign, IL, 97pp.

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Flood prediction: Immersed in the quagmire of National flood mitigation strategy. Chapter in Prediction: Science, Decision Making, and the Future of Nature. Island Press, Washington, DC, 85-106.

1989

Mjelde, J., S.T. Sonka, and D.S. Peel, 1989: The Socioeconomic Value of Climate and Weather Forecasting: A Review. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 89-01, 21 pp.

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DROUGHT

2006

Kunkel, Kenneth E (editor), James R. Angel, Stanley A. Changnon, Roger Claybrooke, Steven D. Hilberg, H. Vernon Knapp, Robert S. Larson, Michael Palecki, Robert W. Scott, Derek Winstanley, 2006   The 2005 Illinois Drought.  Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL 80 pp.  April 2006

2005

Angel, James A. and  Steven D. Hilberg, 2005:  Features and Impacts of the 2005 Drought in Illinois. Preprint, 2nd Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Conference

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Reactions and responses to recent urban droughts. Physical Geography, 21, 1-20.

Palecki, M.A., and D.J. Leathers, 2000. Spatial modes of drought in the central United States. Preprints, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, 4p.

1996

Changon, S.A., 1996: Dry periods in Illinois. Preprints AMS Conference on Weather Modification, Atlanta, GA.

1995

Westcott, N.E., R.W. Scott, and M. Dixon, 1995: Comparison of Storms Occurring During Normal and Dry Convective Rain Seasons, Preprint, 27th AMS Conf on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 612-613.

1993

Changnon, S.A., 1993: Are we doomed to fail in drought management? Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Kunkel, K.E., and S Hollinger, 1993: Effects of drought on sensible and latent heat fluxes over corn. Preprints, Conference on Hydroclimatology: Land-Surface/Atmospheric Interactions on Global and Regional Scales. 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January 1993, Anaheim, CA.

1991

Kunkel, K.E., and S.E. Hollinger, 1991: Soil Moisture/Evaporation/Precipitation Feedback: A Case Study of the 1988 Drought. Preprints, Tenth Conference on Biometeorology and Aerobiology and Special Session on Hydrometeorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

Kunkel, K.E., S.E. Hollinger, and F. Kogan, 1991: Soil moisture/evaporation /precipitation feedback: A case study of the 1988 drought. Preprints, 20th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Salt Lake City, UT, September 10-13.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1991: Climate, Agriculture, and Drought: Miscellaneous Papers, Research Report 91-01, 96 pp.

Riebsame, W.E., S.A. Changnon, and T.R. Karl, 1991: Drought and Natural Resources Management in the United States. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 174 pp.

Riebsame, W.E., Changnon, S.A., and T. Karl, 1991: The 1987-89 Drought in the United States: Lessons for the Future. Proceedings of the Seminar on Drought Management and Planning, Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, p. 1-4.

1990

Changnon, S.A., 1990: Impacts and lessons taught by the 1988 drought. Planning for Water Shortages, Proceedings of the 1989 Annual Meeting, U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, St. Louis, pp. 263-270.

1989

Changnon, S.A., 1989: The drought, barges, and diversion. Preprints ,of 6th Conference on Applied Climatology, 31-39.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: The 1988 drought, barges, and diversions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 70, 1092-1104.

Changnon, S.A., and W. Easterling, 1989: Measuring drought impacts: The Illinois case. Water Resour. Bull., 25, 27-42.

Kunkel, K.E., 1989: A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 48, 217-225.

Kunkel, K.E. and J.R. Angel, 1989: A perspective on the 1988 midwestern drought. EOS, 70, 817.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and P.J. Lamb, 1989: The 1988 Midwestern drought: Key elements and impacts. Proceedings of Fifteenth Annual Illinois Crop Protection Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 92-108.

Midwestern Climate Center, 1989: Drought and Climate Change. Research Report 89-02, 104 pp.

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EL NIÑO

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: What made El Niño famous? The key events associated with a unique climate event. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 3-27.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: The scientific issues associated with El Niño 1997-1998. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 68-108.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of El Niño's weather. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 136-171.

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and K.E. Kunkel, 2000: El Niño 1997-1998 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2000-01, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 64pp.

Changnon, S.A., Pielke, Jr., R.A., Changnon, D., and L. Wilkins, 2000: Summary: Surprises, lessons learned, and the legacy of El Niño 1997-1998. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 197-210.

1999

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño-generated weather on the U.S., Bulletin Amer. Meteoro. Soc., 80, 1819-1827.

Kunkel, K. E. and J.R. Angel, 1999: The relationship of ENSO to snowfall and related cyclone activity in the contiguous United States. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 19,425-19,434.

Palecki, Michael A., 1999. Examining the Climate Response to El Niño and La Niña using high temporal resolution approaches. In: Preprints, 11th Conf. on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 97-100.

1998

Wolter, K., and M. S. Timlin, 1998: Measuring the strength of ENSO events - how does 1997/98 rank? Weather, 53, 315-324. 

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FLOODS AND HEAVY RAIN EVENTS

2003

Changnon, S.A., Hilberg, S.D., and D. Changnon, 2003: Two Record Rainstorms during August 2002 in the Midwest. Data/Case Study 2003-02, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 36pp.

Westcott, N.E. and S.A. Changnon, 2003: Heavy rainstorms in Chicago : Frequency and Impacts. Preprint, Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Regional Conference , Champaign , IL , 17-18 October 2003, 5p.

2002

Palecki, M.A., 2002: A comparison of recent large-scale floods in the north-central U.S.: climatology, impacts, mitigation, and the value of improved predictions. 3rd Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, January 13-18, 2002. 4 pp.

Changnon , S.A. and N.E. Westcott, 2002: Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago : Increasing Frequency, Altered Impacts, and Future Implications. J. Amer. Water Resources Assn, 38, 1467-1475.

Changnon, S. A., and N. E. Westcott, 2002: A Record Number of Heavy Rainstorms in Chicago in 2001. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, 95, 73-85.

2001

Angel, J.R., M.A. Palecki, and S.E. Hollinger, 2001: Storm precipitation structure in the Eastern United States: Part II, Temporal Changes, pp. J7-J8, Preprints.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: The Record 1993 Mississippi River Flood: A defining event for flood mitigation policy in the United States. Floods, Volume I, Routledge Press, London, 288-301.

Changnon, S., 2001: Socioeconomic impacts of heavy precipitation in the United States. Preprints Symposium on Precipitation Extremes: Predictions, Impacts and Responses. Amer. Meteoro. Soc., Boston, J26-J27.

Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2001: Causes for record high flood losses in the Midwest. Water International, 26, 223-230.

Kunkel K.E., 2001: Midwest U.S. trends in precipitation extremes and event return periods. Preprints, Symposium on Precipitation Extremes , Impacts, and Responses, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, pp. J20-J21.

Palecki, M.A., J.R. Angel, and S.E. Hollinger, 2001: Storm precipitation structure in the Eastern United States: Part I, Spatial Changes, pp. J5-J6, Preprints.

2000

Changnon, S.A. 2000: Flood prediction: Immersed in the quagmire of National flood mitigation strategy. Chapter in Prediction: Science, Decision Making, and the Future of Nature. Island Press, Washington, DC, 85-106.

Kristovich, D.A.R., N.E. Westcott, K.E. Kunkel and X-Z Liang, 2000. Downscaling relationships for summer heavy and widespread rain events in the U.S. Midwest. J1-J3 in Preprint, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. American Meteor. Soc., Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., 2000. Flooding from Extratropical Cyclones. Storms Volume I, edited by R. Pielke, Jr., and R. Pielke, Sr., 477-490.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and X-Z Liang, 2000. Observations and regional climate model simulations of heavy precipitation events: A comparision. Preprints, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC 8-11 May 2000. American Meteorological Soc., Boston, 4p.

Pielke, R.A., Downton, M., Miller, J.Z., Changnon, S.A., Kunkel, K.E., and K. Andsager, 2000: Understanding damaging floods in Iowa: Climate and societal interactions in the Skunk and Raccoon River Basins. NCAR, Boulder, CO, 69pp.

1999

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1999: Hydrometeorological characteristics of the northern Illinois heavy rains of 17-18 July 1996. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 266-272.

Changnon, S., and K. Kunkel, 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part I: Synoptic and Mesoscale features. Journal of Applied Meteorol., 38, 257-265.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Record flood-producing rainstorms of 17-18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan area. Part III: Impacts and responses to the flash flooding. J. of Applied Meteoro., 38, 273-280.

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, and D.R. Easterling, 1999: Long-term trends in heavy precipitation events over North America. Journal of Climate, 12, 2513-2525.

1998

Changnon, S.A., 1998: The historical struggle with floods on the Mississippi River basin: Impacts of recent floods and lessons for future flood management and policy. Water International, 23, 263-271.

1997

Angel, J.R., S.A. Changnon, D. Changnon, F.A. Huff, P. Merzlock, S.R. Silberberg, and N.E. Westcott, 1997: The record rainstorm on July 17-18, 1996 in northern Illinois. Illinois State Water Survey Miscellaneous Publication 182, Champaign, IL, 160 pp.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1997: Changes in heavy rainfall in the Midwestern U.S. ASCE, Water Resources Planning and Management, 123, 246-249.

Quinn, F.H., T.E. Croley, II, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1997: Laurentian Great Lakes hydrology and lake levels under the transposed 1993 Mississippi River flood climate. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 23, 317-327.

1996

Changnon, S.A., 1996: Defining the flood: A chronology of key events. In The Great Flood of 1993. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 3-28.

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: A hydroclimatic assessment of the rainfall. In The Great Flood of 1993: Causes, Impacts, and Responses. S.A. Changnon (Ed.), Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 52-67.

1995

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1995: Seasonal distribution of heavy rainfall events in the Midwest. ASCE, Water Resources Planning and Management, 121, 110-115.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, S.E. Hollinger, B.C. Reinke, W.M. Wendland, and J.R. Angel, 1995: A regional response to demand for climate information during the 1993 flood. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2415-2421.

1994

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Effects of floods on transportation. Preprints, Special session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Impacts of the great flood of 1993: Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

Changnon, S.A., 1994: Mud, flood, and the Illinois River. In Proceedings of the 1993 Governor's Conference on the Management of the Illinois River System, Water Resources Center, University of Illinois Special Report 20, 28-41.

Kunkel, K.E., 1994: A climatic perspective on the 1993 flooding rains in the Upper Mississippi River basin. Water International, 19, 186-189.

Kunkel, K.E., 1994: The unique weather/climatic conditions causing the 1993 midwestern floods. Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Francisco, California, February 19-23 (Abstract).

Kunkel K.E. and D.R. Easterling, 1994: Climate change and heavy rain events in the central U.S. Proceedings, International Specialty Conference on Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Mitigation Strategies, Phoenix, Arizona, April 5-8.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 811-822.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994: Climatic perspective on the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood. Preprints, Special Session on the Flood of 1993. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, January 23-28.

1993

Changnon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and R. Shealy, 1993: Historical extremes in midwestern flooding: Implications for a changed climate. Reprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, and R.T. Shealy, 1993: Spatial and temporal characteristics of extreme precipitation events in the Midwest. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 858-866.

Kunkel, K.E., D.R. Easterling, and W.-C. Wang, 1993: Upper air flow patterns associated with heavy precipitation: A comparison of observed and GCM data. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology. 73rd AMS Annual Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

Loomans, S.M., 1993: Flood Reconstruction in Southern Illinois Using Tree-Rings. MCC research Report 93-02, Midwest Climate Center, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, 80 pp.

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GREAT LAKES

2000

Kunkel, K.E., N.E. Westcott, and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2000: Assessment of potential effects of climate change on heavy lake-effect snowstorms near Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res., accepted.

1999

Angel, J.R., S.A. Isard, and G. VanDyke, 1999: The effects of ENSO on Great Lakes cyclones. Preprint, 11th Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS, Dallas, TX 305-308.

Westcott, Nancy E., D.A.R. Kristovich, K.E. Kunkel, 1999. Climatology of Heavy Lake Effect Snows for Lake Erie. In: Preprints, 11th Conference on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 248-253.

1998

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1998: The frequency and intensity of Great Lake cyclones. Journal of Climate, 11, 61-71.

Croley, T.E. II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1998: Great Lakes hydrology under transposed climates. Climate Change, 38, 405-433.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley II, and F.H. Quinn, 1998: Transposed climates for study of water supply variability on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Climate Change, 38, 387-404.

1997

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1997: An observational study of the influence of the Great Lakes on the speed and intensity of passing cyclones. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 2228-2237.

Quinn, F.H., T.E. Croley, II, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1997: Laurentian Great Lakes hydrology and lake levels under the transposed 1993 Mississippi River flood climate. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 23, 317-327.

1996

Angel, J.R., 1996: Cyclone Climatology of the Great Lakes. Miscellaneous Publication 172, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.

Croley, T.E. II, F. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1996: Climate transposition effects on the Great Lakes. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-89, Ann Arbor, MI, 100 pp.

Scott, R.W., and F.A. Huff, 1996: Impacts of the Great Lakes on regional climate conditions. J. Great Lakes Res., 22, 845-863.

Westcott, N.E., 1996:  Land-lake differences in thunderstorm activity in the vicinity of cities near Lake Michigan.  Preprint, 13th AMS Conf. on Planned and Inadvertent Wea. Modification, Amer. Meteor., Soc. Boston, 106-109.

1995

Angel, J.R., 1995: Large-scale storm damage on the U.S. shores of the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21, 287-293.

Croley, T.E., II, F.H. Quinn, K.E. Kunkel, and S.A. Changnon, 1995: Potential Great Lakes hydrology and lake level impacts resulting from global warming. Preprints, Sixth Symposium on Global Change Studies. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, T.E. Croley, II, and F.H. Quinn, 1995: Scenarios for climate change impacts assessments in the Great Lakes region. Preprints, Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1993

Kunkel, K.E., L.D. Mortsch, and P. Lewis, 1993: The climate of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River basin. In Report of Task Group 2, Working Committee 3, International Joint Commission Levels Reference Study, Phase II, pp. 9-15.

1990

Changnon, S. A., 1990: Great Lakes waters: Too little or too much? Proceedings of Supplying Water and Saving the Environment for Six Billion People: 1990 ASCE Convention, ASCE, San Francisco, 41-49.

Changnon, S. A., 1990: The dilemma of climatic and hydrologic forecasting for the Great Lakes. Proceedings of the Great Lakes Water Level Forecasting and Statistics Symposium, May 17-18, Windsor, Ontario, Great Lakes Commission, 13-25.

1989

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Climate Change: The Knowns and Unknowns. Great Lakes Water Levels: Shoreline Dilemmas, Water Science and Technology Board, NRC, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 117-119.

Changnon, S.A., 1989: Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin. "Climate Change and Hydrologic and Atmospheric Issues: Lessons of the Past," p. 79-86, Joint Report #1, U.S. NCPO and Canadian Climate Centre.

Quinn, F., and S.A. Changnon, 1989: Climate scenarios for the Great Lakes basin. Preprints of 6th Conference on Applied Climatology, 27-30.

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HAIL AND SEVERE WEATHER

2009

Smith, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, R. M. Rauber, J. A. Grim, M. S. Timlin, B. F. Jewett, and D. P. Jorgensen, 2009: Microphysical and thermodynamic structure and evolution of the trailing stratiform regions of mesoscale convective systems during BAMEX: Part I: Observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 1165-1185.

2007

McFarquhar, G. M., M. S. Timlin, R. M. Rauber, B. F. Jewett, J. A. Grim, and D. P. Jorgensen, 2007: Vertical variability of cloud hydrometeors in the stratiform region of mesoscale convective systems and bow echoes. Mon. Wea. Rev.,135, 3405-3428. 

2001

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorms Across the Nation: An Atlas of Storms, Hail and Their Damages in the 20th Century. Changnon Climatologist and Office of Global Programs, NOAA, 93pp.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Damaging thunderstorm activity in the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 597-608.

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorm rainfall in the Conterminous United States. Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 82, 1925-1940.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2001: Long-term fluctuations in thunderstorm activity in the United States. Climatic Change, 50, 489-503.

Changnon, D., Changnon, S.A., and S. Changnon, 2001: A method for estimating crop losses from hail in uninsured periods and regions. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40, 84-91.

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Impacts of hail in the United States. Storms, Volume II, Routledge Press, London, 163-191.

Changnon, S.A., 2000: What made El Niño famous? The key events associated with a unique climate event. In El Niño 1997-1998, the Climate Event of the Century, Oxford University Press, New York, 3-27.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon, 2000: Long-term fluctuations in hail incidences in the U.S., Journal of Climate, 13, 658-664.

Easterling, D.R., Meehl, G.A., Parmesan, C., Changnon, S.A., Karl, T.R., and L. Mearns, 2000: Climate extremes: Observations, modeling, and impacts. Science, 289, 2068-2074.

1999

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Data and approaches for determining hail risk in the contiguous U.S., J. Applied Meteoro., 38, 1730-1739.

Changnon, S.A., 1999: Factors affecting temporal fluctuations in damaging storm activity in the U.S. based on insurance loss data. Meteorological Applications, 6, 1-10.

Changnon, S.A., and D. Changnon 1999: Record high losses for weather disasters in the United States during the 1990s: How excessive and why? Natual Hazards, 18, 287-300.

Kunkel, K.E., and J.R. Angel, 1999: The relationship of ENSO to snowfall and related cyclone activity in the contiguous United States, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 19, 425-19, 434.

Litan, R., Andrews, R., Changnon, S.A., Cluff, L., Eguchi, R., Kimpel, J.F., Kiremidjian, A., Roth, R.J., Jr., Schelling, T., Sylves, R., and C. West, 1999: The Costs of Natural Disasters: A Framework for Assessment. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Palecki, Michael A., 1999. Examining the Climate Response to El Niño and La Niña using high temporal resolution approaches. In: Preprints, 11th Conf. on Applied Meteorology, Dallas, TX, January 11-15, 1999. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society, 97-100.

1993

Kennedy, P.C., N.E. Westcott, and R.W. Scott, 1993:  Doppler radar observations of a mini-supercell storm.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1860-1870.

1991

Changnon, S.A., 1991: Relations between thunder reports and cloud-to-ground lightning flashes from lightning networks. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 4 pp.

1990

Musil, D.J., P.L. Smith, and N.E. Westcott, 1990: Armored Aircraft Observations of a Severe Hailstorm in Illinois . Preprint, 16th AMS Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 485-488.

1984

Westcott, N.E., D.B. Johnson, and A.R. Jameson, 1984: Multi-Parameter Radar Measurements of a Severe Convective Storm in CCOPE. Preprint, 22nd AMS Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 103-107.

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HEAT WAVES

2001

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Changnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: The nature and impacts of the July 1999 heat wave in the Midwestern U.S.: Learning from the lessons of 1995. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 1353-1367.

2000

Andsager, K., and J. Angel, 2000. Illinois heat waves 1857-1999. 177-178 in Preprint, 12th AMS Conf. on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 8-11 May 2000. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1996

Changon, S.A., 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A focus on Chicago. Preprints Symposium on Environmental Applications, AMS, Boston, MA, 31-33.

Changon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and B.C. Reinke, 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: A call to action. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1497-1506.

Kunkel, K.E., 1996: Meteorological and climatological assessment of the heat wave. Preprints, Symposium on Environmental Applications, American Meteorological Society, Boston.

1995

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, B.C. Reinke, and R.W. Arritt, 1995: The July 1995 heat wave in the Midwest: A climatic perspective and critical weather factors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1507-1518.

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RAINFALL FREQUENCIES

2001

Kunkel, K.E., 2001: Midwest U.S. trends in precipitation extremes and event return periods. Preprints, Symposium on Precipitation Extremes, Impacts, and Responses, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, pp. J20-J21.

1994

Kunkel K.E. and D.R. Easterling, 1994: Climate change and heavy rain events in the central U.S. Proceedings, International Specialty Conference on Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Mitigation Strategies, Phoenix, Arizona, April 5-8.

1993

Angel, J.R., and F. A. Huff, 1993: Comparing three methods for fitting extreme rainfall distributions: L-moments, maximum likelihood and graphical fit. Preprints, Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 73rd Annual AMS Meeting, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA.

1992

Huff, F.A., and J.R. Angel, 1992: Rainfall Frequency Atlas of the Midwest. Midwestern Climate Center Research Report 92-03 and Illinois State Water Survey Bulletin 71, 141 pp.

1991

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1991: Development of new rainfall frequency relations for nine midwestern states. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA.

Changnon, S.A., and F.A. Huff, 1991: Estimations of a changed climate on heavy rainfall frequencies. Preprints, Seventh Conference on Applied Climatology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 5 pp.

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WATER RESOURCES

2009

Westcott, N.E, 2009:  Differences in multi-sensor and raingage precipitation amounts.  Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Water Management, 162 (MW2), 73-81.

2008

Westcott, N.E., H. V Knapp and S.D. Hilberg, 2008: Comparison of Gage and Multi-Sensor Precipitation Estimates over a Range of Spatial and Temporal Scales in the Midwestern United States.  J. Hydrology, 351, 1-12.

2005

Westcott, N.E.,and H.V. Knapp, 2005: Comparison of Precipitation Fields Estimated by Gage, Radar and Multiple Sensors (Radar and Gage) for SE Wisconsin and NE Illinois . Preprint, 13th Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, Savana , GA , 20-23 June 2005, 4p.

2002

Changnon, S.A., 2002: Hydroclimatic differences in precipitation measured on two dense raingage networks. Journal of Hydrometeorology, in press.

Westcott, N.E., and Kunkel, 2002: Inter-comparison of real-time rain gage and radar estimated rainfall on a monthly basis for Midwestern United States counties. Preprint, 13 th AMS Conf on Applied Climatology, Portland OR , 13-16 May 2002. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 59-64.

2001

Changnon, S.A., 2001: Thunderstorm rainfall in the Conterminous United States. Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 82, 1925-1940.

2000

Changnon, S.A., 2000: Reactions and responses to recent urban droughts. Physical Geography, 21, 1-20.

1999

Changnon, S.A., and D. Winstanley, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions and their impacts on crop production and water resources in Illinois, Research Report 127, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 32pp.

Westcott, N., and K. Kunkel, 1999. Computation of soil moisture for the Central US Region using WSR-88D precipitation estimates. Preprints, 29th International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Montreal, Canada, 12-16.

Winstanley, D., and S.A. Changnon, 1999: Long-term variations in seasonal weather conditions important to water resources in Illinois. Journal of American Water Resources Association, 35, 1421-1427.

1995

Fortune, M., K. Labas, and N.E. Westcott, 1995: Accuracy of Point Rainfall Estimates from an WSR-88D Radar in the Cool Season: The Illinois Experience. Preprint, 27th AMS Conf on Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston , 614-616.

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